Article : Experiencing the hospital ward soundscape: Toward a model

En écho à l’étude menée par Martine Leroux et Jean-Luc Bardyn : Les ambiances des espaces d’accueil du service de radiodiagnostic de l’institut Gustave Roussy [Texte imprimé] / Martine Leroux, Auteur ; Jean-Paul Thibaud, Auteur ; Jean-Luc Bardyn, Auteur . – CRESSON, 1999 . – 97 p. ; 18 cm. – (Rapport de Recherche; 49) . http://doc.cresson.grenoble.archi.fr/opac/index.php?lvl=notice_display&id=596

Experiencing the hospital ward soundscape: Toward a model. J. Mackrill, , R. Cain, P. Jennings (WMG, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK). Journal of Environmental Psychology. Available online 26 June 2013. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272494413000315

Within healthcare design the soundscape or auditory landscape is often overlooked in favour of a focus on sound level. However, sound level is only one aspect of the soundscape. In order to improve healthcare environments it is important to understand the role of sound and to determine what may be positive, negative, and the feelings that different soundscapes can evoke. This paper reports on a semi-structured interview study which aimed to understand individuals’ subjective responses to the soundscape of a cardiothoracic ward within a public University Hospital in the UK. A total of 27 in-situ interviews were conducted with patients and nurses and thematic coding was used to develop a conceptual model describing perception. This revealed that the soundscape is a diverse mix of sound sources with perception dependent not only on specific sounds, but also the physical, temporal and social context in which they are heard. Subjectively, the soundscape held both positive and negative aspects. It was found that coping methods were adopted by individuals by accepting and habituating to aspects of the soundscape. The conceptual model highlights potential physical and cognitive interventions that could be explored which may make the soundscape more positively perceived regardless of sound level.

Françoise Acquier

Chargée de ressources documentaires Equipe Cresson - UMR Ambiances Architectures Urbanités - Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Grenoble.

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